There are many styles of writing in the academic world. They are all dependent on the field you are in academically. If you are based in applied sciences, you are going to use different styles of writing. In arts and social sciences, a different kind of writing is required as well.
Writing styles may also vary depending on the institution you are in. Institutions may choose to use a specific style of writing to be unique or to serve their different needs. One of the many styles used in academic pieces is the IMRaD structure. You probably wonder what does IMRaD stand for? The IMRaD structure is an acronym for Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. The information in the different sections of the IMRaD style of writing varies. Here is what should be included in the format
Types of essays that use IMRaD structure
This structure is commonly used when writing a scientific research report. Thus, essays that require scientific research are most likely to use the IMRaD format. The format is quite common in medical research, not just in educational institutions but in hospitals also, as it is more effective in such scenarios.
It is also used when doing systematic research or planned ones in the social sciences field., The same case applies in natural and applied sciences such as engineering. Writing a lab report can be tough, and you may want to seek some research paper help. You can order quality research papers online from Assignment Masters. The site offers the professional writing help you need on your research paper at an affordable price.
Title (Article title), Authors, and Keywords
The title of an article should clearly mention what is contained in a research paper. It should also clearly show what problem you will be discussing in your research. The title you use needs to immediately grab the attention of whoever will be reading your report. It should also be straight to the point but should not be declarative. You can attract the attention of the reader by using words that are not technical. The words need to be easy to understand.
The number of words you use in the title is dependent on the topic you have chosen. There should be around 10 to 12 words in a title. The title should not be underlined and should not have a full stop at the end. You should never use abbreviations or chemical formulas when writing the heading.
Keywords are crucial in describing the medical terms and difficult words often used throughout the article. In one report,
assign an average of 5 to 10 keywords. Keywords are of great help to academics who want to create databases and those who are cross-indexing scientific pieces.
Abstract and Introduction
An abstract in the IMRaD structure is a summary of your research. Here is where you give the reader a general idea of what to expect in your work. It should clearly give a summary of the research problem, the results, and the conclusions made. This section should have about 200 words. These words should clearly describe what is going to be in the paper in a way that the reader can garner the essentials. An abstract can be either informative or indicative. An informative abstract focuses more on the objectives, results and conclusion made in the paper. An indicative abstract, on the other hand, will immediately tackle the main idea in the paper.
The introduction should explain the importance of the research you are doing or why it is necessary. You can start the introduction by describing the problem that is pushing you toward doing the research. After this, you can explain the current state of research in the area you are looking at.
Next, you need to explain what is missing in this research problem or rather the gap in the area. Last, you should explain how your research will provide a solution to that problem or gap. If your study has a hypothesis, you need to mention it at the end of the introduction.
Materials and Methods
In this section, you will describe the procedure and methods that you used when writing the report. The methods and materials you used should be highlighted in detail to facilitate the reproduction of the report. When it comes to medicine or rather scientific research, reproducible research is important because it shows the credibility of your research.
Research that can be reproduced is very important in the field of natural sciences. In this section, information about the population used, sampling methods, and pieces of equipment need to be stated clearly. You are supposed to write this part in the past tense, and many times they use a lot of passive voice.
Results and Discussion
This section entails data collected during your research. When writing the results in IMRaD, you need to follow a logical order when stating them. You can use subheadings to separate the data you have managed to collect. Here you don’t mention any implications, only study results and statistics.
In the discussion section, you should explain the meaning of the results of your study. You need to state whether or not the findings are consistent with existing research. College students can get help with these results using professional writing services. They offer college homework help to students and deliver it in a quick time to ensure that you get high grades.
References and acknowledgments are usually listed at the end of a paper in the IMRaD structure. All the citations found in the reference list need to be present in the body of your report. Similarly, Whatever citations that appear in the text of your research need to be mentioned in the references.
A literary citation of the author’s words needs to be put in quotation marks. The use of references in a report maintains intellectual integrity in academic work. Your references need to be accurate and complete so that if someone wants to use your research, they can easily find your sources.